Which is the treatment for diabetes and what those who suffer from this disease have to do?

Diabetes type 1 and type 2 are very common in the world, with nearly 300 million cases, according to the World Health Organisation. In spite of this fact, the methods of treating diabetes are still unknown for many people.

Differences between type 1 diabetes and type 2:

Type 1 diabetes – it represents about 10% of diabetes cases in Europe and North America. It is characterized by the destruction of the insulin-producing pancreatic cells, leading to a deficiency of insulin.

Type 2 diabetes – the factors that may cause this type of diabetes are: a sedentary lifestyle, smoking, increased cholesterol levels, high blood pressure.

Diabetes Type 1 and 2 – the treatment:

Type 1 diabetes – it needs a treatment with insulin injection. Additionally, it is necessary to have a strict diet that involves weighing the food at each meal and calculating the number of carbohydrates.

Type 2 diabetes – it is treated with oral medication for a long period of time and it requires external supply of insulin only when the oral therapy is not effective in controlling blood glucose levels.

Keeping diabetes under control

This step focuses on adapting lifestyle and maintaining blood sugar at a normal level.

The sport is an essential chapter in the treatment of diabetes. For example, the aerobic exercises cause a decrease of blood glucose level and they increase the insulin sensitivity.

The diet is very important too. Although information about the most effective diet are controversial, it was discovered that low glycemic index diet ensures better control of blood sugar levels.