People with diabetes routinely don’t get enough micronutrients. In research conducted in Germany, diets of type 2 diabetic patients were analyzed and found to be deficient in one or more of 22 nutrients evaluated. More alarming, a whopping 97 percent of the diabetic patients did not obtain three to seven nutrients in the recommended amounts from their diets.
A wide range of vitamins and minerals affect glucose metabolism and insulin function. Therefore, the daily intake of Vitamins and Minerals is so important for people with Diabetes and Pre-diabetes.
The best multi-supplement should provide nutrients to fill in the nutritional gaps that people with diabetes frequently have and extra nutrients that are especially beneficial for those with diabetes and pre-diabetes.
The most therapeutic nutrients, according to number if researchers, are:
- Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is a vitamin-like versatile and potent antioxidant, and may function to help diabetic neuropathy and reduce pain from free-radical damage. It directly or indirectly regenerates other antioxidants, such as vitamins E and C, coenzyme Q10, and glutathione, thereby reducing the number of free radicals and boosting the antioxidant network to protect against complications associated with oxidative stress, such as polyneuropathy. Also, some studies link ALA to decreased insulin resistance and thus the control of blood sugar.
- Lutein, another antioxidant that appears to prevent free radical damage in the macula and retina of the eyes. Studies have even shown improvements in vision from supplementation with lutein in patients with macular degeneration and in patients with cataracts. People who have diabetes are at higher risk for developing macular degeneration and cataracts.
- Chromium, known as chromium picolinate is an essential mineral – in people with type 2 diabetes, regular use of chromium picolinate reduces blood sugar, insulin and hemoglobin A1c levels as well as the common diabetic symptoms of excessive thirst, frequent urination and fatigue. It also reduces insulin resistance in people with both diabetes and pre-diabetes.
- Magnesium, another mineral critical for healthy insulin function. In one study of non-obese elderly subjects, magnesium supplements improved insulin response and action, and glucose handling.
- Other antioxidants including vitamins C and E – antioxidants work better together as a network than when used alone. Vitamin C is the body’s principal water-soluble antioxidant and vitamin E is the body’s principal fat-soluble antioxidant. Vitamin C also seems to edge out some of the glucose in the system or improve its disposal. And vitamin E has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels and improve insulin action in people with type 2 diabetes.
When combined with proper diet and sufficient exercise, dietary supplements can play an important part in healthy living for those diagnosed with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. A person with diabetes has higher requirements for many nutrients. Clinical studies have shown that supplementation with key nutrients can improve blood sugar control, as well as help prevent or reduce the development of major diabetes complications. Furthermore, taking a multiple vitamin and mineral supplement has also been shown to boost immune function and reduce infections in diabetics.
Dietary Supplements are designed to supplement a diet to ensure you get an adequate intake of substances needed to maintain good health and keep the body functioning as normal.
 William’s textbook of endocrinology, http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/