Which are the symptoms of diabetes and how can it be diagnosed?

Because it is found in the whole world, diabetes is considered a “global epidemic” by the World Health Organisation. Although, in the past, it was considered a disease of adults, nowadays it is very common at children, due to increased obesity rates among them, so it is very important that everyone knows the symptoms of diabetes.

Diabetes Symptoms:

  • polyuria (frequent urination);
  • polydipsia (excessive thirst);
  • polyphagia (hunger);
  • weight loss.

Other symptoms of diabetes include: blurred vision, itching, damage to blood vessels, recurrent vaginal infections, tiredness.

How to detect diabetes?

The World Health Organization defines diabetes (both type 1 and type 2) by the increased value of blood glucose at a single determination, accompanied by the symptoms listed above and also by the increased values of any of the following parameters:

  • blood sugar level in the morning (without eating): ≥ 7.0 mmol / l (126 mg / dl)

or

  • as a result of a glucose tolerance test, two hours after the administration of the oral glucose dose – plasma glucose concentration ≥ 11.1 mmol / l (200 mg / dl)