Because it is found in the whole world, diabetes is considered a “global epidemic” by the World Health Organisation. Although, in the past, it was considered a disease of adults, nowadays it is very common at children, due to increased obesity rates among them, so it is very important that everyone knows the symptoms of diabetes.
- polyuria (frequent urination);
- polydipsia (excessive thirst);
- polyphagia (hunger);
- weight loss.
Other symptoms of diabetes include: blurred vision, itching, damage to blood vessels, recurrent vaginal infections, tiredness.
How to detect diabetes?
The World Health Organization defines diabetes (both type 1 and type 2) by the increased value of blood glucose at a single determination, accompanied by the symptoms listed above and also by the increased values of any of the following parameters:
- blood sugar level in the morning (without eating): ≥ 7.0 mmol / l (126 mg / dl)
- as a result of a glucose tolerance test, two hours after the administration of the oral glucose dose – plasma glucose concentration ≥ 11.1 mmol / l (200 mg / dl)